by Jeevan Kumar, Operations Manager: Tiger Chicks
Welcome to the world of profitable broiler farming. Achievement of the genetic potential of the Tiger Chicks broiler is easy and depends upon making sure that all the factors related to production are given full and correct attention.
This will ensure “less feed and more meat” and increased profits for the enterprising farmer. The aim of broiler farming is to manage the chicks for better profit.
Placement and brooding:
- Clean and disinfect the poultry houses after every placement and removal.
- Preheat the houses to 30 degrees Celsius 24 hours before the chicks arrive.
- Measure the temperature at chick height 30 degrees Celsius.
- Spread the litter evenly in the shed to a depth of about 5 to 10 cm.
- Litter temperature should be 28 to 30 degrees Celsius at placement.
- Feed and water should be available to the chicks at placement.
- Water temperature should be around 15 to 21 degrees Celsius.
- Place chicks in the brooding area immediately after arrival.
- Provide 23 hours of light for the first seven days to encourage feed and water intake.
- Adequate ventilation and fresh air are essential for bird health and growth.
- Monitor chick behaviour at various times of the day to make decisions on (closing or opening curtains, increasing or decreasing temperature et cetera) improving bird comfort.
- Broiler Starter – Day 1 to 14 days
- Broiler Grower – Day 15 to 26 days
- Broiler Finisher – Day 27 to cropping or sale.
Checking Crop Fill:
“Crop Fill” should be checked until 48 hours after placement to make sure birds have taken in feed and water by then.
- At 8 hours, 80% of the birds should have full crops
- At 24 hours, 95% of the birds should have full crops
- At 48 hours, 100% of the birds should have full crops
Health and hygiene
- Follow strict bio security in providing restricted or no access to people, birds, rodents and vehicles.
- Poultry diseases are and will be spread by one of these carriers.
- Vaccinate the birds periodically as per recommended schedules. Follow the procedures to be done during vaccination without fail.
- Day old birds are vaccinated in the hatchery against infectious bronchitis (IB) and Newcastle disease (ND).
- Call for expert help when in doubt about a situation warranting external help.
Records and monitoring:
- Maintain basic records on the farm to monitor progress.
- Record date of placement, flock identity, body weight, et cetera when chicks are placed.
- Record daily mortalities and amount of feed fed to the birds on a daily basis.
- Weigh the birds on a weekly basis to monitor progress against standards.
- Record any medications and vaccinations administered to the birds.
Make corrections if needed based on the recording and findings.
Visit Tiger Animal Feeds’ main office or sales depots around the country for better technical services free of charge and keep abreast of progress in livestock management information. Contact Given Hamanungu, Technical Advisor, at +26-097-540-3834 or email@example.com for more information.